RESEARCH AND ADVISING PROJECTS

Click through the list below to see some examples of the research and advising projects that DCID faculty and affiliates have conducted in recent years.

Public Financial Management Perspectives on Health Sector Financing and Resource Allocation in Ethiopia

Year: 2020

Faculty: Richard Hemming, Roy Kelly, Graham Glenday, Other

Topics: Health, Public Finance

Regions: Africa

In this paper, the authors discuss Ethiopia’s approach to health delivery, trends in health financing trends, focusing on the financing arrangements and expenditure management systems through which health funding is allocated from various internal and external sources. The paper reviews Ethiopia’s public financial management system to identify challenges and opportunities to improve domestic resource mobilization …

Improved sanitation increases long-term cognitive test scores

Year: 2020

Faculty: Subhrendu Pattanayak

Topics: Health, Youth

Regions: Asia

Poor sanitation has large negative impacts on environmental quality, health, and well-being. Sanitation infrastructure is particularly lacking in India, where in 2011, 66% of households did not own a toilet. Inadequate sanitation is a large contributor to diarrheal-related diseases, which cause 300,000 deaths in Indian children each year. We exploit an experimental sanitation campaign in …

Adoption of Improved Cookstoves in India

Year: 2020

Faculty: Marc Jeuland, Subhrendu Pattanayak

Topics: Economics, Energy, Health

Regions: Asia

Preference heterogeneity can influence behavior in economically significant ways, thereby influencing the effectiveness of environmental policies or interventions. We test this hypothesis in the context of efficient cooking technology in India. We use stated preference methods to first characterize household tastes for various features of a more efficient cooking technology. We then relate these typically …

What Drives the Erasure of Protected Areas? Evidence from across the Brazilian Amazon

Year: 2020

Faculty: Alexander Pfaff

Topics: Economics, Environment

Regions: Latin America & Caribbean

Protected areas (PAs) are a widely used strategy for conserving forests and ecosystem services. When PAs succeed in deterring economic activities that degrade forests, the impacts include more forest yet less economic gain. These economic opportunity costs of conservation lead actors with economic interests to resist new PAs, driving their sites away from profitable market …

Impacts of the Green Municipality Program in the Brazilian Amazon

Year: 2020

Faculty: Alexander Pfaff

Topics: Economics, Environment, Governance

Regions: Latin America & Caribbean

Over the past decade, the Brazilian federal government has offered a negative collective incentive to reduce deforestation by ‘blacklisting’ the municipalities in the Amazon with the highest deforestation rates. As for any unfunded mandate, the responses to blacklisting depend on both local incentives and local capacities. We evaluate a state program − Programa Municípios Verdes …

Saving Lives at Birth

Year: 2019

Faculty: Fernando Fernholz, Krishna Udayakumar

Topics: Health

Regions: Global

Saving Lives at Birth: A Grand Challenge for Development seeks groundbreaking prevention and treatment approaches for pregnant women and newborns in poor, hard-to-reach communities around the time of delivery. The effort is funded by a partnership of international development organizations including USAID, the Government of Norway (Norad), the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Grand Challenges …

Transitioning from Donor Assistance for Health

Year: 2019

Faculty: Sarah Bermeo, Erik Wibbels, Gavin Yamey, Other

Topics: Health

Regions: Africa, Asia

A research initiative led by several DCID faculty affiliates and the Duke Center for Policy Impact in Global Health was awarded seed funding. The study, “Transitioning from donor assistance for health: in-country perspectives, experiences, and preferences in Ghana and Sri Lanka” will be the first of its kind to examine the concerns, challenges, and opportunities …

Business Compliance for Safety in Vietnam

Year: 2019

Faculty: Edmund Malesky

Topics: Governance, Social Policy

Regions: Asia

Edmund Malesky coauthored a study that examines how consultation with businesses in developing countries can actually improve compliance with regulations (and ultimately worker safety). The study, written with Rutgers business professor Markus Taussig, was published in American Political Science Review. MALESKY, E., & TAUSSIG, M. (2019). Participation, Government Legitimacy, and Regulatory Compliance in Emerging Economies: A Firm-Level Field …

Working Papers on Africa

Year: 2019

Faculty: Indermit Gill, Giovanni Zanalda

Topics: Economics, Health, Poverty, Taxation, Trade

Regions: Africa, Asia

Sanford professor and former DCID director Indermit Gill, along with DCID Associates in Research Siddharth Dixit (MIDP ’17), Kenan Karakulah (MIDP ’17), and Chinmoy Kumar (MIDP ’19) co-wrote a series of Africa-focused working papers summarizing and analyzing research conducted while they were working at DCID. The papers were amongst the first of a new Global Working Paper Series launched by the Duke University …

Rural Electrification in Bhutan

Year: 2019

Faculty: Subhrendu Pattanayak

Topics: Economics, Energy, Technology

Regions: Asia

Subhrendu Pattanayak coauthored a paper with Duke alum Erin Litzow that examined the costs and benefits of rural electrification on health and environment. “Returns to Rural Electrification: Evidence from Bhutan” was published in World Development (Vol. 121). Returns to rural electrification: Evidence from Bhutan World Development Volume 121, September 2019, Pages 75-96 Erin L. Litzow, Subhrendu K.Pattanayak, Tshering Thinley

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