RESEARCH AND ADVISING PROJECTS

Click through the list below to see some examples of the research and advising projects that DCID faculty and affiliates have conducted in recent years.

Labor upgrading and export market opportunities: Evidence from Vietnam

Year: 2021

Faculty: Edmund Malesky, Other

Topics: Economics, Trade

Regions: Asia, Global

In this paper, the authors explore and provide an empirical assessment of an important mechanism by which global markets can motivate labor‐related upgrading among developing country firms. New market opportunities, which result from exogenous shocks, can some producers to improve their treatment of workers. These improvements come because they are consistent with taking advantage of …

Fostering Global Value Chains Through International Agreements: Evidence from Vietnam

Year: 2021

Faculty: Edmund Malesky, Other

Topics: Economics

Regions: Asia

In this paper, the authors study the emerging market of Vietnam to examine which type of reassurance mechanism is most successful. Using a survey of 1,583 foreign firms, they inform investors about either a domestic law or international treaty designed to strengthen commercial arbitration procedures. The authors find that priming foreign firms about the international investment agreement has a larger positive impact on their views about the future profitability of their projects

Honduras Migration: Climate Change, Violence, and Assistance Policy Brief

Year: 2021

Faculty: Sarah Bermeo, Other

Topics: Environment, Migration, Poverty

Regions: Latin America & Caribbean

In a policy brief released by the Duke Center for International Development (DCID), Sarah Bermeo, associate professor of public policy and political science and DCID director of graduate studies, and David Leblang, professor of politics and public policy at the University of Virginia, share vital research on the root causes of migration from Honduras, with a particular emphasis on the interconnected role of climate change and violence.

Public Financial Management Perspectives on Health Sector Financing and Resource Allocation in Ethiopia

Year: 2020

Faculty: Richard Hemming, Roy Kelly, Graham Glenday, Other

Topics: Health, Public Finance

Regions: Africa

In this paper, the authors discuss Ethiopia’s approach to health delivery, trends in health financing trends, focusing on the financing arrangements and expenditure management systems through which health funding is allocated from various internal and external sources. The paper reviews Ethiopia’s public financial management system to identify challenges and opportunities to improve domestic resource mobilization …

Improved sanitation increases long-term cognitive test scores

Year: 2020

Faculty: Subhrendu Pattanayak

Topics: Health, Youth

Regions: Asia

Poor sanitation has large negative impacts on environmental quality, health, and well-being. Sanitation infrastructure is particularly lacking in India, where in 2011, 66% of households did not own a toilet. Inadequate sanitation is a large contributor to diarrheal-related diseases, which cause 300,000 deaths in Indian children each year. We exploit an experimental sanitation campaign in …

Adoption of Improved Cookstoves in India

Year: 2020

Faculty: Marc Jeuland, Subhrendu Pattanayak

Topics: Economics, Energy, Health

Regions: Asia

Preference heterogeneity can influence behavior in economically significant ways, thereby influencing the effectiveness of environmental policies or interventions. We test this hypothesis in the context of efficient cooking technology in India. We use stated preference methods to first characterize household tastes for various features of a more efficient cooking technology. We then relate these typically …

What Drives the Erasure of Protected Areas? Evidence from across the Brazilian Amazon

Year: 2020

Faculty: Alexander Pfaff

Topics: Economics, Environment

Regions: Latin America & Caribbean

Protected areas (PAs) are a widely used strategy for conserving forests and ecosystem services. When PAs succeed in deterring economic activities that degrade forests, the impacts include more forest yet less economic gain. These economic opportunity costs of conservation lead actors with economic interests to resist new PAs, driving their sites away from profitable market …

Impacts of the Green Municipality Program in the Brazilian Amazon

Year: 2020

Faculty: Alexander Pfaff

Topics: Economics, Environment, Governance

Regions: Latin America & Caribbean

Over the past decade, the Brazilian federal government has offered a negative collective incentive to reduce deforestation by ‘blacklisting’ the municipalities in the Amazon with the highest deforestation rates. As for any unfunded mandate, the responses to blacklisting depend on both local incentives and local capacities. We evaluate a state program − Programa Municípios Verdes …

“The Impact of Local Corruption on Business Tax Registration and Compliance: Evidence from Vietnam

Year: 2020

Faculty: Edmund Malesky

Topics: Corruption, Governance, Taxation

Regions: Asia

Abstract: This paper studies how corruption affects two fundamental dimensions of a firm’s tax compliance: the likelihood of tax registration (possession of a tax ID) and the tax compliance ratio (the ratio between the firm’s tax payment and revenue). We explore a census covering all Vietnamese household businesses and leverage the differential exposure to corruption, …

Single Party Incumbency Advantage in Vietnam: A Conjoint Survey Analysis of Public Electoral Support

Year: 2020

Faculty: Edmund Malesky

Topics: Corruption, Economics, Governance

Regions: Asia

Abstract: Why do voters in single-party regimes express support for the ruling party in such large numbers? Scholars offer three sets of explanations: 1) Support is manipulated by regime leaders or falsified by frightened voters; 2) Support is due to genuine popularity or “performance legitimacy”; 3) The incumbent party holds an extreme incumbency advantage due …

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