2018-2019

Alex Pfaff was one of 145 expert authors of the 2019 IPBES Global Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, the most comprehensive ever completed. The report assesses changes over the past five decades, providing a comprehensive picture of the relationship between economic development pathways and their impacts on nature. The report finds that around 1 million animal and plant species are now threatened with extinction, many within decades, more than ever before in human history. Pfaff wrote about the policy challenges to reversing environmental loss for The Hill, and was interviewed about the topic for a SparkDialog podcast

Sarah Bermeo weighs in on the crisis in the Northern Triangle. In May of 2019, recently participated in a workshop hosted by Duke in Washington D.C. where experts explored the underlying causes of recent migration from the region. In this video, discover how institutions like Duke can play a role in solving the issues.

DCID Associate in Research Estuardo Pineda (MIDP ’17)  officially launched his project, Conectate Guate, at a consortium with the government of Guatemala. The project, an initiative co-sponsored by DCID, the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (AND) Foundation, Fundegua, and Wuqu´ Kawoq, maps malnutrition interventions across the country. 

Subhrendu Pattanayak and Marc Jeuland coauthored research on “Experimental Evidence on Promotion of Electric and Improved Biomass Cookstoves,” which was published in The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America in May 2019. The authors explored how to increase demand for electric cookstoves, which are better for human and environmental health than traditional stoves.

Erika Weinthal co-authored a report in International Affairs in March. The study examines Israel’s targeting of civilian agricultural, water and energy infrastructures in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Targeting of infrastructure in conflict zones is often overlooked, but Weinthal says this tactic causes profound long-term damage, not only to the daily lives of those targeted, but also for the prospect of peace and security in the region. She spoke on a panel event in May at the Wilson Center (pictured) on the weaponization of water, and was interviewed for the Chatham House podcast on attacks on infrastructure in Gaza. 

Roy Kelly taught in and facilitated a 1-week USAID training course on domestic revenue mobilization held at the USAID Washington DC Learning Center alongside colleagues from USAID, US Treasury, and the IMF. His participation was funded through DCID’s subcontract with Nathan Associates under the USAID Leadership in Public Financial Management II (LPFM-II) project.

Subhrendu Pattanayak co-edited the fourth volume of the Handbook of Environmental Economics.

Drilona Emrullahu (MIDP ’18) contributed to “Human Development Indices and Indicators-Statistical Update 2018” published by the Human Development Report Office (HDRO) at the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

Waewnet Sukkasem (MIDP ’14) co-authored a paper on Public Expenditure Review (PER) of Lesotho for the World Bank. Sukkasem contributed to chapters on taxation and public investment management.

In November, DCID Associate in Research Tom Nicholson visited Vladmir, Russia to help design and support a coalition against Hepatitis C.

Natalia Mirovitskaya and Bob Healy wrote a new working paper, “New Subnational Actors in the Global Arctic,” and presented the results of their research at the Policy Sciences annual meeting at the World Bank Headquarters in October 2018.

Tom Nicholson and his NGO Advance Access and Delivery joined an interdisciplinary team of researchers and global health practitioners from North Carolina and Iraq to launch a project  to improve health services delivery to displaced Yazidi families in Iraq.

Roy Kelly, with assistance from Dean and Elena Storelli, edited a book entitled Enhancing Municipal Finance in Nepal, published by the Town Development Fund

At the end of April, Roy Kelly visited Bangladesh to give lectures and meet with government officials to discuss governance and public finance. His visit was organized and sponsored by the Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA) under the Capacity for Cities (C4C) project.

Gavin Yamey and Indermit Gill co-authored an article in The Lancet that offers suggestions for providing needed financing for efforts to prevent global pandemics: “Financing of international collective action for epidemic and pandemic preparedness.” The Lancet Global Health, Volume 5, Number 8. 

MIDP alumni Siddharth Dixit, Kenan Karakulah and Garri Kasparov contributed to the 2017 Enabling the Business of Agriculture (EBA) report, released by the World Bank in September. 

G.P. Shukla co-authored a World Bank report titled, “Strengthening Domestic Resource Mobilization: Moving from Theory to Practice in Low- and Middle-Income Countries.” The report outlines how the Bank can play a lead role in helping countries reform their tax policy and administration to obtain the resources necessary for sustainable development. 

Francis Lethem and Hyunsoo Kim wrote about the potential unintended consequences of philanthropy. Kim’s research focuses on the negative impacts of solar panel supply in Haiti, TOMS shoes, and drug donations to developing countries, while Lethem draws parallels between Kim’s findings and DCID’s experience in international development. “The Ethical Issue of Contemporary Philanthropy: Unintended Negative Consequences of Philanthropy.” Management Review, Volume 12, Number 1.

Silvia Fontana (MIDP ’14) was published in Springer’s Global Encyclopedia of Public Administration, Public Policy, and Governance. Her contribution aims to explain the complexity of theories and practices on sustainable human development, with a focus on the SDG16 (“peace, justice, and strong institutions”).

Subhrendu Pattanayak and Andy Haines (LSHTM) argue that when it comes to planetary health, even innovative proposals may be set up to fail because insufficient attention has been given to implementation on the ground in “Implementation of policies to protect planetary health.” The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 1, Number 7. 

Roy Kelly co-authored a chapter in The Sri Lankan Economy: Charting a New Course (2017). Kelly’s chapter, entitled “Financing Sustainable Urbanization in Sri Lanka” was co-authored by Asoka S. Gunawardena, Chairman of the Sri Lankan think tank the Marga Institute. 

Sarah Bermeo explores the shifting motivations of donor countries and determinants of aid allocation in “Aid Allocation and Targeted Development in an Increasingly Connected World.” International Organization, Fall 2017.

Natalia Mirovitskaya and Robert Healy (Professor Emeritus at the Nicholas School of Environment and one of the co-founders of what is now DCID) launched a new research project called “Development for the New Arctic: Visions, Strategies, Challenges at the Subnational and Local Level.”

Sarah Bermeo published a book, Targeted Development, exploring the shifts in development strategies of wealthy countries through the lens of foreign aid, trade agreements, and climate finance.

Gavin Yamey, who leads the DCID/DGHI collaborative Center for Policy Impact in Global Health, co-authored a chapter in the 3rd edition of Disease Control Priorities. His chapter appears in the culminating Volume Nine of the series and focuses on intersectoral policy priorities for health. 

Anil Kumar (MIDP ’15) published an article inspired by his studies under Dr. Natalia Mirovitskaya: “Achieving Gender Equality in Haryana: Sensitising Men to Enable Women.” International Journal of Gender Studies in Developing Societies Volume 2, Number 3. 

Muyatwa Sitali (MIDP ’14) co-authored a World Bank working paper on water supply in the transition from emergency to development. The paper explores this question: “donors supporting countries affected by fragility conflict and violence face a difficult trade-off. Should they deliver urgently needed water supply infrastructure through non-state actors or build the country institutions that deliver water supply?”

Ravtosh Bal published an article in Minerva. “The Rise of Computing Research in East Africa: The Relationship Between Funding, Capacity and Research Community in a Nascent Field” looks at research communities of computer scientists in Kenya and Uganda in the context of neoliberal privatization, commercialization, and transnational capital flows from donors and corporations.

Peter Barnes  co-authored a chapter in the United Nations handbook Selected Issues in Protecting the Tax Base of Developing Countries. His chapter, “Limiting Interest Deductions,” summarizes the issues that developing countries face when addressing the deductibility of interest payments determining whether a taxpayer has excessive debt.

Robyn Meeks, along with colleagues from Amherst College and University of Michigan, published a paper in Environmental and Resource Economics. “Waste Not: Can Household Biogas Deliver Sustainable Development?” examines whether biogas, a fuel produced by converting human and animal waste into combustible gas, promoted sustainable development by reducing biomass fuel collection, shifting household time budgets or reducing loss of forest cover. 

Gavin Yamey and Amie Batson (PATH), Peter Kilmarx (Fogarty), and Marcel Yotebieng (Ohio State) published an editorial in BMJ (formerly the British Medical Journal): “Funding Innovation in Neglected Diseases” captures some of the most promising innovative ideas on mobilizing funds for global health research and development. 

Dr. Roy Kelly

“Stocktaking of Fiscal Decentralization Policy in Nepal,” Journal of Fiscal Federalism

Dr. Francis Lethem

“Development and Peacebuilding: Dam Construction and Violence in the Amazon,” book chapter in Practical Approaches to Peacebuilding: Putting Theory to Work (co-author with Anderson Freitas MIDP’14)

Dr. G.P. Shukla

“Corporate Income Tax and Personal Income Tax as applied to Businesses in Kazakhstan,” analysis prepared for the Government of Kazakhstan and the World Bank

“A Critique of the Proposed Armenia Tax Code 2015: Transparency, Equity, and Potential for Revenue Generation,” analysis prepared for the Government of Armenia and the World Bank

Dr. Graham Glenday

“Strengthening Project Selection for Capital Budgeting,” Korean Development Institute

“Strengthening Public Investment Management: Strengthening the Roles of the Public Sector Investment Program, Development Committee and Project Implementation,” Ministry of Finance, Trade and Industry, Government of Seychelles (co-author)

Anthony Elson

“What Have We Learned from the Global Financial Crisis of 2008-09 and its Aftermath?” World Economics

Dr. Natalia Mirovitskaya and Dr. William Ascher

Development Strategies and Inter-Group Violence: Insights on Conflict-Sensitive Development

Dr. Fernando Fernholz

Mexico: Estimation of the Economic Opportunity Cost of Capital for Public Investment Projects (co-author)

Dr. Graham Glenday

“Approaches to Better Project Appraisal”, Chapter 4 in The Power of Public Investment Management: Transforming Resources into Assets for Growth

Mexico: Estimation of the Economic Opportunity Cost of Capital for Public Investment Projects (co-author)

Public Investment Management (PIM) Reform Indicators, report prepared for World Bank (co-author)

Capital versus Current Final Expenditures in Ethiopia: What is the economically efficient and financially sustainable mix?”

Dr. Graham Glenday and Dr. G.P. Shukla

“Public Investment Management (PIM): Processes, Issues and Indicators,” World Bank

“Proposals to strengthen the PIM component of the PEFA framework and indicators: Preliminary discussion draft,” World Bank

Dr. Roy Kelly

“Implementing Sustainable Property Tax Reform in Developing Countries”, Chapter 10 in Taxation and Development: The Weakest Link?

“Intergovernmental Fiscal Architecture (IFA): Recommendations to Facilitate Implementation of the Revised National Decentralization Policy,” Ministry of Local Government and Housing and Ministry of Finance, Zambia

Final Report: Local Government Finance and Governance Reform, submitted to Government of Indonesia

Dr. Roy Kelly and Rubino Sugana

“Final Report: Local Government Finance and Governance Reform,” Government of Indonesia Ministry of Finance and Asian Development Bank (co-authors)

Dr. Natalia Mirovitskaya and Dr. William Ascher

Development Strategies, Identities, and Conflict in AsiaThe World Financial Review

Dr. Phyllis Pomerantz

“Book review of Betrayed: Politics, Power and Prosperty by Seth Kaplan,” Governance.

“Global Programs, Aid Effectiveness, and Poverty Reduction,” Problems, Promises, and Paradoxes of Aid: Africa’s Experience

Dr. G.P. Shukla

Scaling-Up Renewable Geothermal Energy in Indonesia: An Integrated Approach to Evaluating a Green Finance Investment (co-author)

Anthony Elson

Globalization and Development: Why East Asia Surged Ahead and Latin America Fell Behind

“Dragon Among the Iguanas, China’s Economic and Financial Relationship with Latin America,” Finance and Development

Dr. Graham Glenday

The International Handbook of Public Financial Management (contributor)

“The Roles of Project Appraisal”, Chapter 4 in Approaches to Improved Public Investment

Dr. Richard Hemming

Beyond the Annual Budget: Global Experience with Medium-Term Expenditure Frameworks

“The Cyclical Characteristics of Universal Social Insurance”

The International Handbook of Public Financial Management (co-editor)

“The Role of Fiscal Councils in Promoting Fiscal Responsibility and Sound Government Finances” in Public Financial Management and its Emerging Architecture (co-author)

Sustainability and Efficiency in Managing Public Expenditures

Dr. Roy Kelly 

The International Handbook of Public Financial Management (contributor)

Dr. Natalia Mirovitskaya and Dr. William Ascher

The Economic Roots of Conflict and Cooperation in Africa (editors)

Development Strategies, Identities, and Conflict in Asia (editors)

“Development Strategies and the Evolution of Violence in Africa”, Chapter 1 in The Economic Roots of Conflict and Cooperation in Africa 

“The Conflict-Development Nexus in Africa: Insights from the Case Studies”, Chapter 10 in The Economic Roots of Conflict and Cooperation in Africa 

“War, Peace and Many Shades in Between: Asia in the New Millennium”, Chapter 1 in Development Strategies, Identities, and Conflict in Asia

“The Nexus of Economic Strategies and Intergroup Violence”, Chapter 2 in Development Strategies, Identities, and Conflict in Asia

“The Conflict-Development Nexus in Asia: Policy Approaches”, Chapter 10 in Development Strategies, Identities, and Conflict in Asia

Dr. Sandeep Bhattacharya

“Study on counter-cyclical policies: Role of public investment to stimulate demand” and “Guidelines for use of public investment in counter-cyclical fiscal policy” prepared for Public Sector Group, Latin-America and the Caribbean Region, World Bank (co-author)

Dr. Fernando Fernholz

“Study on counter-cyclical policies: Role of public investment to stimulate demand” and “Guidelines for use of public investment in counter-cyclical fiscal policy” prepared for Public Sector Group, Latin-America and the Caribbean Region, World Bank (co-author)

Dr. Graham Glenday

“Study on counter-cyclical policies: Role of public investment to stimulate demand” and “Guidelines for use of public investment in counter-cyclical fiscal policy” prepared for Public Sector Group, Latin-America and the Caribbean Region, World Bank (co-author)

“Tax Transparency in Kyrgyz Republic: A Study of Tax Transparency in Kyrgyzstan: Tax Policy, Tax Administration and Tax Compliance Issues”, report prepared for Investment Climate Advisory Service, The World Bank Group (co-author)

“Tax Transparency in Kazakhstan: A Study of Tax Transparency in Kazakhstan: Tax Policy, Tax Administration and Tax Compliance Issues”, report prepared for Investment Climate Advisory Service, The World Bank Group (co-author)

“Tax Transparency in Tajikistan: A Study of Tax Transparency in Tajikistan: Tax Policy, Tax Administration and Tax Compliance Issues”, report prepared for Investment Climate Advisory Service, The World Bank Group (co-author)

Dr. Richard Hemming

“Public Debt Sustainability and Hidden Liabilities in the Peoples’ Republic of China”, in Public Debt Sustainability in Developing Asia

“Some Fiscal Priorities for Development” in Sustaining Development and Growth in East Asia (co-author)

“Study on counter-cyclical policies: Role of public investment to stimulate demand” and “Guidelines for use of public investment in counter-cyclical fiscal policy” prepared for Public Sector Group, Latin-America and the Caribbean Region, World Bank (co-author)

Dr. Natalia Mirovitskaya and Dr. William Ascher

Economic Development Strategies and the Evolution of Violence in Latin America (editors)

“Economic Development Patterns and the Evolution of Violence in Latin America”, Chapter 1 in Economic Development Strategies and the Evolution of Violence in Latin America

Dr. G.P. Shukla

“Tax Transparency in Kyrgyz Republic: A Study of Tax Transparency in Kyrgyzstan: Tax Policy, Tax Administration and Tax Compliance Issues”, report prepared for Investment Climate Advisory Service, The World Bank Group (co-author)

“Tax Transparency in Kazakhstan: A Study of Tax Transparency in Kazakhstan: Tax Policy, Tax Administration and Tax Compliance Issues”, report prepared for Investment Climate Advisory Service, The World Bank Group (co-author)

“Tax Transparency in Tajikistan: A Study of Tax Transparency in Tajikistan: Tax Policy, Tax Administration and Tax Compliance Issues”, report prepared for Investment Climate Advisory Service, The World Bank Group (co-author)

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